Salmon Glacier

Stewart to Salmon Glacier, BC

Salmon Glacier is the world’s largest road-accessible glacier, situated in Northern British Columbia near Stewart, BC, and Hyder, Alaska. It is the fifth largest glacier in Canada that is a remnant of the Fraser Glaciation period that was at peak around 14,000 years ago, which covered most areas of all British Columbia and Alaska. With rising temperatures, the glaciers started to Melt, revealing the spectacular formation that you will encounter in this journey.

Salmon Glacier, Summit viewpoint

The Salmon Glacier viewpoint offers spectacular panoramic views of the glacier.

How to get there

Salmon Glacier is approximately 39 km from Stewart, BC via Hyder, Alaska and Granduc Road.

Stewart to Salmon Glacier

We started our trip from Stewart Visitor Information Centre, after picking up the self-guided auto tour handout and gathering some information about the area. The staff at the Visitor Information Centre was very knowledgeable and friendly.

Visitor Centre Stewart

The self-guided auto tour (Stewart to Salmon Glacier) has 14 points of interest along your route to Salmon Glacier viewpoint. Out of 14 stops, 2 to 9 are in Alaska, and the remainder stops are in Canada. Each stop is marked with a number – keep an eye out for those signs along your journey.

First Stop: Stewart

Stewart is a small town that flourished in the early 1900s during the gold rush. The area around the Portland Canal has been frequented by Nass River Natives long before David Du Bose Gaillard arrived in 1896. Few years after Gaillard’s expedition, Robert and John Stewart arrived in the area and developed the town. Stewart had a population of approximately 10,000 during the gold rush era. Over the decades, due to the decline in mining operations, the community has shrunken to only 401 individuals (2016 census). Stewart is a hidden gem, a beautiful quiet town surrounded by snow-covered mountains.

Stewart BC
Second Stop: Entering Hyder, Alaska

Note: To get to the Salmon Glacier scenic viewpoint, you have to enter Alaska and then back into Canada. There is no USA customer or border control when you enter Hyder, Alaska. However, there is Canadian border control (CBSA) when you come back to Stewart, Canada.

Hyder Alaska Border Crossing
Hyder Alaska Border Crossing
Third Stop: Hyder, Alaska

Hyder is the easternmost town in Alaska accessible by vehicle, with a population of approximately 87 (2010 Census). Hyder does not connect to any other community in Alaska, so the residents of Hyder rely on Stewart, BC, for groceries and electricity. 

Hyder Alaska

In this post, I will briefly mention about Hyder. For more information, check out our other post, “Hyder: The Friendliest Ghost Town in Alaska.

Fourth Stop: Tongass National Forest

Tongass received its name from Tongass clan of the Tlingit, and it covers approximately 16.7 million acres of land under National Forest status and about 11,000 miles of coastline. It includes mountains, waterways, glaciers, and islands.

Tongass National forest
Fifth Stop: Moose Pond

It is known for its abundance of wildlife, including geese, ducks, porcupine, spotted frogs, red squirrel, bears, bald eagles and beavers.

Sixth Stop: Fish Creek Wildlife Viewing Area

This place in Hyder is a famous spot for Grizzly and Black Bear viewing during the salmon spawning season. The Fish Creek Bear Viewing Area is a day-use site, with designated boardwalks along the river for a vantage point.

Tongass National forest
Seventh Stop: Tital Trail

This trail takes you to an old mine site, which is approximately 8 km long. It was constructed in 1922 by mine workers to transport supplies to the site.

Eighth Stop: Riverside Mine

This is a stop for Riverside Mine, which was productive in 1960s for silver and copper. There are no structures left as most were damaged by fire and floods.

Ninth Stop: Nine Mile

At this location, the Texas creek joins the Salmon River. You can see the remains of the old bridge along the river bed.

Tenth Stop: Premier Border Crossing

You are now about to go through an international border crossing (Welcome back to Canada). Between 1920 to 1950s, the miners going across the border for work had to stop at Canadian Customs post.

Eleventh Stop: Indian Mines Viewpoint

This is viewpoint for Indian Mines Corporation Ltd. Looking west you can see the cut line for old tramway that ran from Indian Mine to Premier.

Twelfth Stop: Premier Mines Viewpoint

The Premier Mine was started in 1910 and remained operational till 1953. Within the first ten years of operations, mine became one of the most abundant mineral deposits in BC. During that time frame, this mine had one of the longest aerial tramlines on the continent (17 km long).

Thirteenth Stop: Toe of Salmon Glacier

The first glimpse of the Glacier arrives as you continue to climb and drive towards the summit viewpoint. At the toe of the Glacier, the visible ridges are Terminal Moraines.

Fourteenth Stop: Summit Viewpoint
Salmon Glacier BC

Upon arrival you will be amazed by the spectacular panoramic views of the glacier. Summit Viewpoint is located at 56°10’08.4″N 130°03’04.2″W at an elevation of 3,757 feet. Enjoy your time at the lookout!

Tip: Make sure to apply bug spray because there can be a lot of bugs in the area. We visited in August and encountered a lot of bugs at the viewpoint.

The road continues past the viewpoint to visit Granduc Mine, but the road is not maintained and may be closed due to active mining.

Useful Links

Electronic version of the Self Guided Auto Tour

History of Stewart, BC

Tourist Information

We stayed at Bear River RV Park

Recommendation: We highly recommended this side trip if you are traveling or planning your road trip on Stewart Cassiar Scenic Route (Highway 37), or the Great Northern Circle Route.

Thanks for visiting our blog. Please leave a comment if you find our post helpful, or if you have any questions or suggestions for us.



    1. admin

      Hi Lance, thanks for visiting our blog. When you are coming back to Canada you will need your travel documents. I believe the COVID restrictions are same for all points of entry into Canada. I suggest that you check in with CBSA prior to your visit.

  1. Eduardo

    Ciao yes this paragraph is actually pleasant and I have learned lot of things from it on the topic of blogging. gracias

  2. Inderjit Grewal

    Exploring Past &. Living Present through past gives a pleasure that can’t be put in words. BC is beautiful every where as it has nature in bountiful The glacier looks like some wonder as it is accessible by road

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